Various factors are used by courts to determine damages for past of future bodily and mental harm
Minnesota’s jury instruction guides provide the following factors to consider in awarding
damages for past or future bodily and mental harm: (1) the type, extent, and severity of the injuries; (2) how painful the injuries were or are; (3) the treatment and pain involved in that treatment; (4) the length of time the injury lasted or is likely to last; and (5) any other relevant factors. 4A Minn. Dist. Judges Ass’n, Minnesota Practice-Jury Instruction Guides, Civil, CIVJIG 91.10, .25 (5th ed. 2006).