Minnesota has enacted two forms of statutory fraud laws: the Consumer Fraud Act (“CFA”) and the Uniform Deceptive Trade Practices Act (“UDTPA”). The Minnesota CFA prohibits the “act, use, or employment by any person of any fraud, false pretense, false promise, misrepresentation, misleading statement or deceptive practice.”MINN. STAT. § 325F.69, subdiv. 1 (2004).
The UDTPA lists twelve prohibited acts when made by a person “in the course of business, vocation, or occupation,” and generally prohibits conduct that “similarly creates a likelihood of confusion or of misunderstanding.”MINN. STAT. § 325D.44, subdiv. 1 (2004).